20/02/24, 11:41

Hedgerows protect the soil from wind erosion

It's no secret that various natural disasters and ecological cataclysms have been increasing around the world in recent decades. For example, floods, earthquakes and droughts are often observed. This ultimately has a negative impact on the life of all mankind.

Land resources provide 97 percent of people with food and drinking water. Unfortunately, this threat is increasing due to overexploitation of terrestrial ecosystems, especially drylands, which make up more than a third of the total land area. Improper irrigation of lands, land pollution, industrial wastes, acceleration of mining of sand, stone and minerals also increase anthropogenic negative impact.

A kind of tree groves, hedges, planted along the borders of fields. Forests around the field block the flow of surface water, protect the soil from erosion, improve its water, temperature and nutrient regimes. It is built from tree species.

Greening and afforestation measures were carried out along the railroad crossing from the Jizzakh-Samarkand direction to the Gallaorol district in order to ensure timely and high-quality performance of the tasks set within the framework of the national project "Green Space" of the head of state and the relevant tasks of the Cabinet of Ministers. For the purpose of increasing, the work of forestry in 3635-3642 km by the employees of the specialized State Forestry of Gallaorol is being carried out intensively. Full agrotechnical measures are being implemented for the types of seedlings that are being planted in these activities, and drought-resistant decorative and fruit seedlings (Oriental camel, safflower, almond, safflower, etc.) are being planted in scientifically based conditions.

During these events, it is planned to plant 22,000 ornamental and fruit trees along the railways in the spring season of this year, and in the autumn season, a forest will be planted on the sides of the international highway M39, the large Uzbek tract Jizzakh - Samarkand. It is planned to plant 50,000 ornamental and fruit trees for the year.

According to the representatives of the field, tree-lined areas reduce wind speed, protect the soil from wind erosion, allow snow to accumulate evenly and retain moisture. Water-regulating tree plantations are established on the slopes of the regions. Their main task is to reduce the runoff of melted snow and precipitation. They also protect the soil from being washed away, facilitate the passage of surface water into the soil.